Objectives: We evaluated changes in tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, acellular pertussis (Tdap), and tetravalen meningococcal (MCV4) vaccine coverage following enactment of a New York State mandate requiring Tdap before entering sixth grade.
Methods: Using data from a hospital-based immunization registry, we measured Tdap and MCV4 coverage among youths aged 11 to 14 years in New York City at 3 time points: premandate, mandate year 1, and mandate year 2.
Results: Among overlapping cohorts of 4316 (premandate), 4131 (mandate year 1), and 3639 (mandate year 2) youths, Tdap coverage increased steadily over time (29%, 58%, and 83%, respectively). Increases were observed among all ages. Across the same time points, MCV4 coverage also increased (10%, 30%, and 60%, respectively). Most adolescents did not receive MCV4 during the same visit they received Tdap.
Conclusions: A Tdap school-entry mandate was associated with substantial increases in immunization coverage, even in age groups not directly affected by the mandate. At the postmandate time points, MCV4 coverage remained lower than Tdap coverage. Provider education should emphasize the importance of reviewing vaccine records and administering all recommended vaccines at every clinical encounter.