Epidemiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Hordaland county, western Norway

Acta Neurol Scand. 1991 May;83(5):280-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.1991.tb04701.x.


The incidence, prevalence and prognosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in the county of Hordaland, western Norway were determined for the years 1978 through 1988. The average annual incidence rate was 1.60 per 100,000 population with a male to female ratio of 1.26 (95% confidence interval: 0.76-2.09). The maximal age-specific annual incidence was 8.12 per 100,000 and occurred in the age-group between 61 and 65 years. The prevalence of ALS was 3.67 per 100,000 on December 31, 1988. The average age at the onset of the disease was 60.9 years ranging from 34 to 82 years of age. Survival was studied with life table techniques. Median survival from the onset of symptoms was 28.0 months overall. In patients with bulbar onset the median survival was 24.0 months whereas it was 40 months in patients with spinal onset of disease (log rank test, P = 0.0004). The difference in survival between ALS with bulbar or spinal onset was not explained by age or sex differences in the two groups.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / epidemiology*
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / etiology
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / mortality
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Norway / epidemiology
  • Prognosis
  • Survival Rate