The co-benefits for health of investing in active transportation

N S W Public Health Bull. 2010 May-Jun;21(5-6):122-7. doi: 10.1071/NB10027.


Amid growing concerns about the impact of rising obesity and physical inactivity levels, climate change, population growth, increasing traffic congestion and declining oil supplies, multiple sectors are now promoting active transportation as an alternative to driving. This paper considers the health benefits and co-benefits of investing in active transportation, enabling comparison of policy options to optimise societal objectives aimed at creating healthy, socially and environmentally sustainable communities. Policies promoting the use of both energy-efficient motor vehicles and increased active transportation would almost double the impact on greenhouse gas emissions and would reduce disease burden by increasing physical activity. More co-benefit and economic analyses research is required to inform 'joined-up' policy solutions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bicycling*
  • Climate Change
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Public Health*
  • Social Change
  • Transportation / economics
  • Transportation / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Walking*