Visual evoked potentials and MBP gene expression imply endogenous myelin repair in adult rat optic nerve and chiasm following local lysolecithin induced demyelination

Brain Res. 2010 Sep 10;1351:50-56. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.07.026. Epub 2010 Jul 15.

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients may suffer from optic disturbances. Toxin-induced demyelinations have frequently been developed to investigate the cellular and structural aspects of demyelination and remyelination processes, separately. The present study describes functional consequence of lysolecithin (LPC)-induced lesion in the adult rat optic nerves and chiasm by recording the visual evoked potentials (VEPs) from the visual cortex and its correlation with myelin basic protein (MBP) expression in lesion site. Records of VEP were obtained at 2, 7, 14 and 28 days post-injection. We observed that the VEPs generated by light stimuli progressively changed in both amplitude and latency after the lesion as well as in comparison with those generated in control animals. These observations were confirmed through measurement of mRNA expression level for MBP which is one of the important genes expressed in mature oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells. The level of MBP mRNAs in demyelinated chiasm and optic nerves decreased following lysolecithin injection with its least value on day 7, and then it increased to the control level 14 days post-lesion. However, it continued to increase even after that and reached a maximum level 28 days post lesion. Results of the present paper show that, LPC injection in the chiasm share functional and molecular alterations which are found in demyelinating disorders in both the optic nerves and chiasm and also these alterations were coming back to level of control animal on 28 days post lesion, which is typically seen in myelin repair process. The present paper provides new insights into the experimental toxin-induced models that may be useful for evaluating the functional recovery of demyelinated optic nerves and chiasm following various repairing strategies. It also seems to be useful for studying the protective or remyelinating effects of different therapies in e.g. optic apparatus which is more affected by MS.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Demyelinating Diseases / chemically induced
  • Demyelinating Diseases / metabolism*
  • Demyelinating Diseases / pathology
  • Evoked Potentials, Visual / drug effects
  • Evoked Potentials, Visual / physiology*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Lysophosphatidylcholines / toxicity
  • Myelin Basic Protein / biosynthesis*
  • Myelin Basic Protein / genetics
  • Myelin Sheath / metabolism*
  • Myelin Sheath / pathology
  • Optic Chiasm / drug effects
  • Optic Chiasm / metabolism*
  • Optic Chiasm / pathology
  • Optic Nerve / drug effects
  • Optic Nerve / metabolism*
  • Optic Nerve / pathology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Transcription Factors / biosynthesis*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics

Substances

  • Lysophosphatidylcholines
  • Mbp protein, rat
  • Myelin Basic Protein
  • Transcription Factors