Background & aims: Ten common low-penetrant genetic variants have been consistently associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk; little is known about the correlation between these variants and CRC phenotype. Characterization of such a correlation would improve CRC management and prevention programs. We assessed the association between these genetic variants and CRC phenotype in patients and modeled pairwise combinations to detect epistasis.
Methods: The validation population corresponded to a prospective, multicenter, population-based cohort (EPICOLON I) of 1096 patients with newly diagnosed CRC. The replication set was an independent, prospective, multicenter Spanish cohort (EPICOLON II) of 895 patients with newly diagnosed CRC. For individual single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) association analyses, a multivariate method using logistic regression was applied in EPICOLON I and subsequently prospectively validated in EPICOLON II. Interactions between SNPs were assessed using the likelihood ratio test.
Results: Validated results confirmed that the C allele on 8q23.3 (rs16892766) was significantly associated with advanced-stage tumors (odds ratio [OR], 1.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15-1.90; P value = 4.9 x 10(-3)). The G allele on 8q24.21 (rs6983267) was more common in patients with a familial history of CRC (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.35-3.03; P value = 3.9 x 10(-4)). The combination of rs6983267 on 8q24.21 and rs9929218 on 16q22.2 was associated with a history of colorectal adenoma (carriers of GG and AA, respectively; OR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.32-3.93; P = 5.0 x 10(-4)).
Conclusions: CRC susceptibility variants at 8q23.3, 8q24.21, and 16q22.2 appear to be associated with cancer phenotype. These findings might be used to develop screening and surveillance strategies.
Copyright © 2010 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.