DiGeorge anomaly in an infant with deletion of chromosome 22 and dup(9p) due to adjacent type II disjunction

Am J Med Genet. 1991 Mar 15;38(4):569-73. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.1320380415.


A term white girl presented with low birth weight, minor anomalies, and congenital heart defects. The infant had microcephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, prominent nasal bridge, short philtrum, thin upper lip vermilion, down-turned corners of the mouth, receding mandible, and short broad neck. The hands showed proximal placement of the thumbs, bilateral clinodactyly of the index finger, and bilateral transverse crease. Both hands were clenched, with the index finger overlapping the third finger and the fifth finger overlapping the fourth. There was also talipes calcaneo-valgus, bilateral dorsiflexion of the metatarsophalangeal joints, flexion of the interphalangeal joints, and hypoplasia of all nails. The patient's karyotype was 46,XX,-22, + der(9)t(9;22)(q21.13;q12.1)mat; the mother had the balanced translocation 46,XX,t(9;22)(9pter----9q21.13::22q12.1----22qter++ +;22pter---- 22q12.1::9q21.3----9qter). The infant died at age 10 days, and the autopsy showed absent thyroid isthmus and rudimentary thymus, with one small ectopic parathyroid attached to it. The lungs were hypoplastic, with abnormal lobation. The cardiac anomalies included truncus arteriosus, truncal valve stenosis, single carotid trunk, subclavian arteries arising from the distal part of the aortic arch, atrial and ventricular septal defects, right ventricular hypertrophy, and a hypoplastic left pulmonary artery. Also, multiple small accessory spleens were present in addition to a normal-sized spleen. This case combines features associated with DiGeorge anomaly and dup(9p). The chromosome abnormality in this patient appears to have arisen in a maternal germ cell due to adjacent type II disjunction.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 / ultrastructure*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 / ultrastructure*
  • DiGeorge Syndrome / genetics*
  • Female
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / genetics
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Translocation, Genetic*