Early heart failure in the SMNDelta7 model of spinal muscular atrophy and correction by postnatal scAAV9-SMN delivery

Hum Mol Genet. 2010 Oct 15;19(20):3895-905. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddq300. Epub 2010 Jul 16.


Proximal spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a debilitating neurological disease marked by isolated lower motor neuron death and subsequent atrophy of skeletal muscle. Historically, SMA pathology was thought to be limited to lower motor neurons and the skeletal muscles they control, yet there are several reports describing the coincidence of cardiovascular abnormalities in SMA patients. As new therapies for SMA emerge, it is necessary to determine whether these non-neuromuscular systems need to be targeted. Therefore, we have characterized left ventricular (LV) function of SMA mice (SMN2+/+; SMNΔ7+/+; Smn-/-) and compared it with that of their unaffected littermates at 7 and 14 days of age. Anatomical and physiological measurements made by electrocardiogram and echocardiography show that affected mouse pups have a dramatic decrease in cardiac function. At 14 days of age, SMA mice have bradycardia and develop a marked dilated cardiomyopathy with a concomitant decrease in contractility. Signs of decreased cardiac function are also apparent as early as 7 days of age in SMA animals. Delivery of a survival motor neuron-1 transgene using a self-complementary adeno-associated virus serotype 9 abolished the symptom of bradycardia and significantly decreased the severity of the heart defect. We conclude that severe SMA animals have compromised cardiac function resulting at least partially from early bradycardia, which is likely attributable to aberrant autonomic signaling. Further cardiographic studies of human SMA patients are needed to clarify the clinical relevance of these findings from this SMA mouse.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bradycardia* / genetics
  • Bradycardia* / physiopathology
  • Bradycardia* / therapy
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / pathology
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / physiopathology
  • Dependovirus / genetics*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Echocardiography
  • Electrocardiography
  • Gene Transfer Techniques*
  • Genetic Therapy
  • Heart Failure / pathology
  • Heart Failure / physiopathology*
  • Heart Failure / therapy
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Motor Neurons / metabolism
  • Muscular Atrophy, Spinal / complications
  • Muscular Atrophy, Spinal / physiopathology*
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • SMN Complex Proteins
  • Survival of Motor Neuron 1 Protein / genetics*
  • Ventricular Function, Left


  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • SMN Complex Proteins
  • Survival of Motor Neuron 1 Protein