Prevalence of alcohol and drug dependence in rural and slum population of Chandigarh: A community survey

Indian J Psychiatry. 2007 Jan;49(1):44-8. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.31517.

Abstract

The present epidemiological survey was conducted by the department of psychiatry, Govt. Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh to estimate the pattern of alcohol and other substance dependence in rural and slum dwellers population of Chandigarh. In this survey 6.88% individuals of the total population surveyed (2992) fulfilled dependence criteria of ICD-10. Alcohol was the primary substance of dependence for majority of urban slum substance users and rural areas users. Age at first drug use was 20.89 +/- 5.31 years (mean +/- S.D) among rural population and 19.75 +/- 5.4 years (mean +/- SD) in urban slums. Majority of them reported having health related complications (85.71%) followed by family problems (77.31%) due to drug dependence. This survey reflects the need to intensify efforts at the community level to reach the unreached.

Keywords: Drug dependence; alcohol dependence; community survey.