A clinical evaluation of two glass ionomer cements in primary molars using atraumatic restorative treatment technique in India: 1 year follow up

Int J Paediatr Dent. 2010 Nov;20(6):410-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2010.01067.x.


Aim: To compare the clinical performance of two glass ionomer cements, Amalgomer CR and Fuji IX in small and medium cavities prepared using Atraumatic restorative treatment approach in India.

Study design: One hundred school children in the age group of 4-9 years who had bilateral matched pair of carious lesions in primary posterior teeth were included. A split mouth design was used in which two materials were randomly placed in contralateral sides. The performance of the restorations was assessed after 1 year using Frenken's criteria (1996). Survival analysis of restoration was done using chi-square test.

Results: The survival rate of Amalgomer CR and Fuji IX class I restorations were 97.4% and 94.9%, respectively. In class II cavities 95.1% and 88.5% of Amalgomer CR and Fuji IX restorations were successful. Amalgomer CR and Fuji IX showed a success of 94.2% and 92.3% in small sized class II cavities. Amalgomer CR showed a 100% success for medium sized class I and II restorations. Whereas Fuji IX showed a 100% and 66.7% success in medium sized class I and II cavities.

Conclusion: The clinical performances of both materials were satisfactory at the end of 1 year and ART is suitable procedure to be done in a dental clinic for children.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment / methods*
  • Dental Care for Children / methods*
  • Dental Caries / therapy*
  • Dental Restoration, Permanent / methods*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glass Ionomer Cements / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Molar
  • Survival Analysis
  • Tooth, Deciduous
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Glass Ionomer Cements
  • fuji IX