Position of the American Dietetic Association: Nutrition Intervention and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

J Am Diet Assoc. 2010 Jul;110(7):1105-19. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2010.05.020.


It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that efforts to optimize nutritional status through individualized medical nutrition therapy, assurance of food and nutrition security, and nutrition education are essential to the total system of health care available to people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection throughout the continuum of care. Broad-based efforts to improve health care access and treatment have stabilized HIV prevalence levels in many parts of the world and led to longer survival for people living with HIV infection. Confounding clinical and social issues, such as medication interactions, comorbidities, wasting, lipodystrophy, food insecurity, aging, and other related conditions further complicate disease management. With greater understanding of the mechanisms of HIV disease and its impact on body function, development of new treatments, and wider ranges of populations affected, the management of chronic HIV infection continues to become more complex and demanding. Achievement of food and nutrition security and management of nutrition-related complications of HIV infection remain significant challenges for clients with HIV infection and health care professionals. Registered dietitians and dietetic technicians, registered, should integrate their efforts into the overall health care strategies to optimize their clinical and social influence for people living with HIV infection.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Dietetics / standards*
  • HIV Infections / complications
  • HIV Infections / diet therapy*
  • Humans
  • Nutrition Assessment
  • Nutrition Disorders / etiology
  • Nutrition Disorders / prevention & control
  • Nutrition Therapy / standards*
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Societies
  • United States