Comparison of Koala LPCoLN and Human Strains of Chlamydia Pneumoniae Highlights Extended Genetic Diversity in the Species

BMC Genomics. 2010 Jul 21;11:442. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-11-442.


Background: Chlamydia pneumoniae is a widespread pathogen causing upper and lower respiratory tract infections in addition to a range of other diseases in humans and animals. Previous whole genome analyses have focused on four essentially clonal (> 99% identity) C. pneumoniae human genomes (AR39, CWL029, J138 and TW183), providing relatively little insight into strain diversity and evolution of this species.

Results: We performed individual gene-by-gene comparisons of the recently sequenced C. pneumoniae koala genome and four C. pneumoniae human genomes to identify species-specific genes, and more importantly, to gain an insight into the genetic diversity and evolution of the species. We selected genes dispersed throughout the chromosome, representing genes that were specific to C. pneumoniae, genes with a demonstrated role in chlamydial biology and/or pathogenicity (n = 49), genes encoding nucleotide salvage or amino acid biosynthesis proteins (n = 6), and extrachromosomal elements (9 plasmid and 2 bacteriophage genes).

Conclusions: We have identified strain-specific differences and targets for detection of C. pneumoniae isolates from both human and animal origin. Such characterisation is necessary for an improved understanding of disease transmission and intervention.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Amino Acids / biosynthesis
  • Animals
  • Chlamydophila Infections / diagnosis
  • Chlamydophila Infections / epidemiology
  • Chlamydophila Infections / therapy
  • Chlamydophila pneumoniae / genetics*
  • Chlamydophila pneumoniae / metabolism
  • Chlamydophila pneumoniae / pathogenicity
  • Chromosomes, Bacterial / metabolism
  • Genes, Bacterial / genetics
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Humans
  • Nucleotides / metabolism
  • Phascolarctidae / microbiology*
  • Species Specificity


  • Amino Acids
  • Nucleotides