Objective: To clone, prepare probe for and explore the expression levels of KIAA1173 gene in skin squamous cell carcinoma (SSCC) and investigate its expression, clinical and pathological significance.
Methods: KIAA1173 gene fragment (354 bp) was cloned and its cDNA probe prepared. The expression of KIAA1173 gene in 133 SSCC tissue samples (including 52 specimens of I, 37 specimens of II, 31 specimens of III and 13 specimens of IV) and 47 normal controls were examined by in situ hybridization (ISH). And all specimens were embedded in paraffin.
Results: ISH showed brown positive granules in the cytoplasm of parenchymal cells. The positive rate of KIAA1173 mRNA was 38.3% (51/133) in SSCC and 93.6% (44/47) in normal controls. The rate was lower in cancer groups than that in normal tissues (chi(2) = 42.567, P < 0.01). The strongly positive rates were significantly lower in SSCC groups (6.0%, 8/133) than that in normal control (48.9%, 23/47, chi(2) = 44.876, P < 0.01). The negative rates of KIAA1173 mRNA were 53.8% (28/52) in SSCC I, 62.2% (23/37) in SSCC II, 67.7% (21/31) in SSCC III and 76.9% (10/13) in SSCC IV (chi(2) = 4.005, P > 0.05). The negative rates of KIAA1173 mRNA in the dys-good differentiation group (70.5%, 31/44) was higher than that in the good differentiation group (57.3%, 51/89), but there was not significant difference between the two groups (chi(2) = 2.154, P > 0.05).
Conclusion: KIAA1173 gene is highly expressed in normal skin, but it becomes down-regulated in SSCC. It may play an important role in the development of SSCC.