Prior listening in rooms improves speech intelligibility

J Acoust Soc Am. 2010 Jul;128(1):291-9. doi: 10.1121/1.3436565.

Abstract

Although results from previous studies have demonstrated that the acoustic effects of a single reflection are perceptually suppressed after repeated exposure to a particular configuration of source and reflection, the extent to which this dynamic echo suppression might generalize to speech understanding in room environments with multiple reflections and reverberation is largely unknown. Here speech intelligibility was measured using the coordinate response measure corpus both with and without prior listening exposure to a reverberant room environment, which was simulated using virtual auditory space techniques. Prior room listening exposure was manipulated by presenting either a two-sentence carrier phrase that preceded the target speech, or no carrier phrase within the room environment. Results from 14 listeners indicate that with prior room exposure, masked speech reception thresholds were on average 2.7 dB lower than thresholds without exposure, an improvement in intelligibility of over 18 percentage points on average. This effect, which is shown to be absent in anechoic space and greatly reduced under monaural listening conditions, demonstrates that prior binaural exposure to reverberant rooms can improve speech intelligibility, perhaps due to a process of perceptual adaptation to the acoustics of the listening room.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Acoustic Stimulation
  • Acoustics*
  • Adolescent
  • Auditory Threshold
  • Computer Simulation
  • Cues
  • Facility Design and Construction*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Likelihood Functions
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Motion
  • Perceptual Masking
  • Psychoacoustics
  • Signal Detection, Psychological
  • Sound
  • Sound Spectrography
  • Speech Intelligibility*
  • Speech Reception Threshold Test
  • Vibration
  • Young Adult