Performing a microfiltration integrated with photocatalysis using an Ag-TiO(2)/HAP/Al(2)O(3) composite membrane for water treatment: Evaluating effectiveness for humic acid removal and anti-fouling properties

Water Res. 2010 Dec;44(20):6104-14. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2010.06.068. Epub 2010 Jul 6.


Membrane filtration has been increasingly used for water treatment and wastewater reclamation in recent years. To further improve the effectiveness of membrane process and reduce membrane fouling, a highly reactive photocatalytic membrane, Ag-TiO(2)/hydroxiapiate (HAP, Ca(10)(PO(4))(6)(OH)(2))/Al(2)O(3), was employed to realize microfiltration (MF) coupling photocatalysis for surface water treatment. The effectiveness on the potential of membrane was investigated by removing humic acid (HA) test under different feed total organic carbon (TOC), light intensity and transmembrane pressure (TMP). The HA removal and anti-fouling property of as-prepared membrane was improved under UV irradiation, likely due to photocatalytic degradation of foulants along with filtration simultaneously. Under given feed water composition, increasing the light intensity resulted in increased removal of HA from aqueous solution. However, a limiting TMP seems to exist beyond which the increased HA removal cannot be sustained. Fouling behavior analysis indicated that the transition in fouling mode from initial pore blocking to cake filtration occurred much slower as UV irradiated. Furthermore, a superior efficiency on removal of trace organic contaminants, as well as milder flux reduction, was presented from surface water treatment, which demonstrated that the integrated system with enhanced performance is foreseen as an emerging technique for water treatment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aluminum Oxide / chemistry*
  • Catalysis
  • Filtration / methods*
  • Membranes, Artificial*
  • Photochemistry / methods*
  • Silver / chemistry*
  • Titanium / chemistry*
  • Water Purification / methods*


  • Membranes, Artificial
  • titanium dioxide
  • Silver
  • Titanium
  • Aluminum Oxide