Knee arthritis revealing acute leukemia in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis

Clin Rheumatol. 1991 Mar;10(1):76-7. doi: 10.1007/BF02208036.


We report one case of leukemic synovitis in a patient with a 40-year history of rheumatoid arthritis. The synovial fluid sample and synovial biopsy specimen showed myeloblastic cells. So, leukemic synovitis can be suspected in a patient with inflammatory rheumatism and adequate diagnostic procedures should be carried out.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / etiology*
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / pathology*
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications*
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology
  • Synovial Fluid / cytology
  • Synovial Membrane / pathology