Ras proteins play a central role in transducing signals that control cell proliferation, differentiation, motility, and survival. The location-specific signaling activity of Ras has been previously shown to be regulated by ubiquitination . However, the molecular machinery that controls Ras ubiquitination has not been defined. Here we demonstrate through biochemical and functional analyses that Rabex-5 (also known as RabGEF1) [2, 3] functions as an E3 ligase for Ras. Rabex-5-mediated Ras ubiquitination promotes Ras endosomal localization and leads to the suppression of ERK activation. Moreover, the Ras effector RIN1 [4, 5] is required for Rabex-5-dependent Ras ubiquitination, suggesting a feedback mechanism by which Ras activation can be coupled to ubiquitination. These findings define new elements in the regulatory circuitry that link Ras compartmentalization to signaling output.
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