Life satisfaction and return to work after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. Jul-Aug 2011;20(4):324-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2010.02.001. Epub 2010 Jul 24.

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate life satisfaction and employment status after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and to explain the associations between life satisfaction and demographic, disease-related, psychological, and personality characteristics. Subjects with SAH (n = 141) living at home 2-4 years after the SAH responded to a mailed questionnaire. Outcomes were life satisfaction, as measured with the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire 9 (LiSat-9), and employment status. Determinants in multiple regression analysis were demographic and SAH characteristics, subjective complaints (eg, mood disorder, fatigue, cognitive complaints), and personality characteristics (eg, neuroticism, passive coping style). Of the 141 subjects, 64 (46.7%) had a Glasgow Outcome Scale score of V (good outcome) at discharge. Mean subject age was 51.4 ± 12.3 years, and mean time after SAH was 36.1 ± 7.9 months. Of the 88 subjects who were working at the time of the SAH, 54 (61.4%) returned to work, but only 31 (35.2%) resumed their work completely. The subjects were least satisfied with their vocational situation (51.9% satisfied) and sexual life (51.7%) and were most satisfied with their relationships (75.2%-88.7%) and self-care ability (88.6%). Age (β value = 0.17), return to work after SAH (0.19), disability at hospital discharge (0.25), worsened mood (-0.37), and passive coping (-0.25) together accounted for 47.2% of the life satisfaction scores. Our data indicate that return to work is a major issue for individuals who survive an SAH. Not returning to work, disability, depression, and passive coping are associated with reduced life satisfaction. Thus, vocational reintegration after SAH merits more attention during rehabilitation.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Cost of Illness
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Employment*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Personal Satisfaction*
  • Personality
  • Prognosis
  • Quality of Life*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Social Behavior
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / diagnosis
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / psychology
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / rehabilitation*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Survivors / psychology*
  • Time Factors