Workplace characteristics, depression, and health-related presenteeism in a general population sample

J Occup Environ Med. 2010 Aug;52(8):836-42. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181ed3d80.


Objectives: To investigate the relationships between workplace psychosocial factors, work/family conflicts, depression, and health-related presenteeism in a sample of employees who were randomly selected from the communities.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of 4032 employees representative of the working population aged 25 to 64 years in Alberta, Canada. Data about workplace characteristics, depression, and health-related presenteeism were collected through telephone.

Results: In the participants, 47.3% and 42.9% reported some degree of impaired job performance in completing work and avoiding distraction, respectively. Major depression is the strongest factor associated with avoiding distraction. Job strain and effort-reward imbalance seemed to affect job performance through severity of depression but not major depression.

Conclusions: Negative work environment may directly and indirectly affect job performance. Workplace health promotion activities should target organizational factors such as job strain and effort-reward imbalance and work/family conflicts so as to reduce the risk of depression and the direct and indirect effects of these risk factors and depression on productivity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Absenteeism
  • Adult
  • Canada
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depression*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Workplace / psychology*