The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of adherence to daily medications among children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Prescription records for 12 months were obtained from participants who had insurance in a Medicaid-based single health maintenance organization. Adherence was measured as a ratio between the number of expected days and the observed days between two refill periods for daily medications. A total of 93 children were studied. The average refill prescription rate was 58.4%. More formal strategies are required to identify barriers to prescription refills among children with SCD.
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