Characterisation of prostate cancer lesions in heterozygous Men1 mutant mice

BMC Cancer. 2010 Jul 27;10:395. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-10-395.

Abstract

Background: Mutations of the MEN1 gene predispose to multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome. Our group and others have shown that Men1 disruption in mice recapitulates MEN1 pathology. Intriguingly, rare lesions in hormone-dependent tissues, such as prostate and mammary glands, were also observed in the Men1 mutant mice.

Methods: To study the occurrence of prostate lesions, we followed a male mouse cohort of 47 Men1+/- mice and 23 age-matched control littermates, starting at 18 months of age, and analysed the prostate glands from the cohort.

Results: Six Men1+/- mice (12.8%) developed prostate cancer, including two adenocarcinomas and four in situ carcinomas, while none of the control mice developed cancerous lesions. The expression of menin encoded by the Men1 gene was found to be drastically reduced in all carcinomas, and partial LOH of the wild-type Men1 allele was detected in three of the five analysed lesions. Using immunostaining for the androgen receptor and p63, a basal epithelial cell marker, we demonstrated that the menin-negative prostate cancer cells did not display p63 expression and that the androgen receptor was expressed but more heterogeneous in these lesions. Furthermore, our data showed that the expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor CDKN1B (p27), a Men1 target gene known to be inactivated during prostate cell tumorigenesis, was notably decreased in the prostate cancers that developed in the mutant mice.

Conclusion: Our work suggests the possible involvement of Men1 inactivation in the tumorigenesis of the prostate gland.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / genetics*
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology*
  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Southern
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27 / metabolism
  • Heterozygote
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Loss of Heterozygosity*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / physiology*
  • Receptors, Androgen / metabolism
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism

Substances

  • Men1 protein, mouse
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Receptors, Androgen
  • Trans-Activators
  • Trp63 protein, mouse
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27