Infection-induced panniculitis may result from a number of microbes including bacteria, fungi, and parasites. Viruses have also been implicated as a cause. This type of panniculitis can occur as a primary infection by direct inoculation of infectious microorganisms into the subcutaneous tissue, or secondarily via microbial hematogenous dissemination with subsequent infection of the subcutaneous tissue. Panniculitis is rarely viewed solely in terms of infectious causes. Also, subcutaneous infections are infrequently viewed in terms of infection-induced panniculitis but rather as cutaneous infections with subcutaneous involvement. Little information exists specifically on the subject of infection-induced panniculitis outside of the realm of case reports and case series. In this review, the present authors address panniculitis from the vantage point of infectious causes, focusing on those microorganisms with infection-induced panniculitis reports in the literature. Diagnosis and treatment are also discussed.