Electronic media use and sleep in school-aged children and adolescents: A review

Sleep Med. 2010 Sep;11(8):735-42. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2010.02.006. Epub 2010 Jul 29.


Electronic media have often been considered to have a negative impact on the sleep of children and adolescents, but there are no comprehensive reviews of research in this area. The present study identified 36 papers that have investigated the relationship between sleep and electronic media in school-aged children and adolescents, including television viewing, use of computers, electronic gaming, and/or the internet, mobile telephones, and music. Many variables have been investigated across these studies, although delayed bedtime and shorter total sleep time have been found to be most consistently related to media use. A model of the mechanisms by which media use may affect sleep is presented and discussed as a vehicle for future research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Microcomputers*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / etiology*
  • Sleep*
  • Television*
  • Video Games / adverse effects*