Objective: To evaluate short and mid-term results of active physical therapy in athletes with longstanding groin pain.
Design: Case series.
Setting: Primary care physical therapy practice.
Participants: A total of 44 athletes suffering longstanding adductor-related groin pain.
Intervention: A combination of passive (joint mobilization) and active (exercises) physical therapy interventions.
Main outcome measurements: Return to (the same level of) sports, restriction in sports, and recurrence.
Results: Directly after treatment, return to the same level and type of sport was successful in 38 athletes (86%), and without symptoms in 34 athletes (77%). At 6.5-51 months follow up, 10/38 (26%) of those that returned to sports had experienced a relapse; 22 (50%) athletes were able to participate in sports without any restrictions at the mid-term follow-up.
Conclusions: For athletes with longstanding groin pain, short term results of physical therapy seem positive, whereas mid-term results are moderately positive. The risk for recurrence is high.
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