Screening of a 65,536-member one-bead-one-compound (OBOC) combinatorial library of glycopeptide dendrimers of structure ((betaGal)(n)(+1)X(8)X(7)X(6)X(5))(2)DapX(4)X(3)X(2)X(1)(beta-Gal)(m) (betaGal=beta-galactosyl-thiopropionic acid, X(8-1)=variable amino acids, Dap=l-2,3-diaminopropionic acid, n, m=0, or 1 if X(8)=Lys resp. X(1)=Lys) for binding of Jurkat cells to the library beads in cell culture, resynthesis and testing lead to the identification of dendrimer J1 (betaGal-Gly-Arg-His-Ala)(2)Dap-Thr-Arg-His-Asp-CysNH(2) and related analogues as delivery vehicles. Cell targeting is evidenced by FACS with fluorescein conjugates such as J1F. The colchicine conjugate J1C is cytotoxic with LD(50)=1.5 microM. The beta-galactoside groups are necessary for activity, as evidenced by the absence of cell-binding and cytotoxicity in the non-galactosylated, acetylated analogue AcJ1F and AcJ1C, respectively. The pentagalactosylated dendrimer J4 betaGal(4)(Lys-Arg-His-Leu)(2)Dap-Thr-Tyr-His-Lys(betaGal)-Cys) selectively labels Jurkat cell as the fluorescein derivative J4F, but its colchicine conjugate J4C lacks cytotoxicity. Tubulin binding assays show that the colchicine dendrimer conjugates do not bind to tubulin, implying intracellular degradation of the dendrimers releasing the active drug.
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