Oligohydramnios: a review

Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1991 Jun;46(6):325-39. doi: 10.1097/00006254-199106000-00002.


Oligohydramnios is a relatively common complication of pregnancy. Etiologies include congenital anomalies, intrauterine growth retardation, premature rupture of the membranes, drugs, postterm gestation and postmaturity. Sequelae from prolonged oligohydramnios including pulmonary hypoplasia and fetal compression syndrome can be devastating. Perinatal morbidity and mortality are both significantly increased in pregnancies complicated by oligohydramnios. Successful management requires a thorough search for the cause of the decreased amniotic fluid volume, and close antenatal surveillance.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant Mortality
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Oligohydramnios / diagnosis
  • Oligohydramnios / etiology*
  • Oligohydramnios / therapy
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal