Cisplatin is an effective chemotherapeutic agent for ovarian cancer, but the sensitivity of cancers differs in individual cases. Because cisplatin is reported to suppress glucose uptake, we investigated the correlation between glucose uptake and sensitivity to the drug. A fluorescent derivative of D-glucose, 2-NBDG (2-[N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diaxol-4-yl) amino]-2-deoxyglucose), was used to evaluate glucose uptake. Two ovarian cancer cell lines, SKOV-3 as a relatively resistant line and OVCAR-3 as a relatively sensitive line, were analyzed. Both cell lines had a decreased number of cells accompanied by cell death 24 h after cisplatin treatment, but not at 3 h. In contrast, glucose uptake was decreased 3 h after high-dose cisplatin treatment, which correlated with the sensitivity to the drug at 24 h. The protein levels of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) did not change with cisplatin treatment. In contrast, the membrane localization of GLUT1 disappeared after cisplatin treatment. Other cisplatin-resistant cell lines did not show an early decrease in glucose uptake after cisplatin treatment. The early decrease in glucose uptake and later cell death also correlated in cultured cancer cells from ovarian cancer patients. Thus, the decrease in glucose uptake at an early time point after high dose cisplatin treatment reflected cisplatin chemosensitivity in ovarian cancer cells. Measuring glucose uptake might be useful as a rapid evaluation of cisplatin chemosensitivity in ovarian cancer patients.
© 2010 Japanese Cancer Association.