Background and aims: Screening methods for early detection of prostate cancer have some limitations regarding specificity and sensitivity, so there is a continuing search to find new cancer biomarkers. Cancer-testis genes are a group of genes with expression almost limited to testis and different kinds of tumors. Since testis is an immune privileged site, if these genes are expressed in tumors, they can be immunogenic. We undertook this study to find new members of the cancer-testis gene family appropriate for cancer immunotherapy
Methods: We analyzed the expression of six testis-specific genes called ODF1, ODF2, ODF3, ODF4, LEMD1 and SPATA19 in 30 prostate cancer and 25 benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) samples by RT-PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP).
Results: Of the prostate cancer samples, 10, 10, 23 and 40% showed ODF1, ODF2, LEMD1 and SPATA19 specific bands, respectively, but none of the BPH samples expressed any of these genes. The difference between prostate cancer and BPH groups for LEMD1 and SPATA19 expression was significant. Mean serum PSA level was significantly higher in patients expressing ODF2 than in the other patients.
Conclusions: ODF1, ODF2, SPATA19 and LEMD1 are members of cancer-testis gene family. In addition, LEMD1 and SPATA19 are putative cancer biomarkers and promising targets for active immunotherapy.
Copyright 2010 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.