Brown-Séquard-plus syndrome because of penetrating trauma in children

Pediatr Neurol. 2010 Jul;43(1):57-60. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2010.03.016.

Abstract

Brown-Séquard syndrome is an uncommon condition involving incomplete spinal cord injury, with ipsilateral motor and proprioception loss, contralateral pain, and decreased temperature. Brown-Séquard-plus syndrome is associated with additional neurologic findings involving the eyes, bowel, or bladder. We describe an adolescent with Brown-Séquard-plus syndrome attributable to a stab injury. Our patient's clinical features of spinal and neurogenic shock overlapped at presentation. He was managed with high-dose steroids, along with intense physiotherapy and rehabilitation, resulting in good neurologic recovery. Appropriate medical (and surgical, when indicated) management usually results in good to complete recovery of neurologic function, depending on the level and grade of injury. With the increasing incidence of gunshot wounds and stab injuries in children, pediatricians, including pediatric neurologists and emergency physicians, are more likely to encounter these types of spinal cord injuries in children.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Brown-Sequard Syndrome / etiology*
  • Brown-Sequard Syndrome / rehabilitation
  • Cervical Vertebrae / injuries*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / complications*
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / rehabilitation
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Wounds, Stab / complications*
  • Wounds, Stab / rehabilitation