Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate if monthly intravitreal ranibizumab decreases risk of macular hemorrhages in patients with choroidal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration.
Methods: Incidences of macular hemorrhages in the control and ranibizumab groups from three, multicenter, randomized, clinical trials (MARINA, ANCHOR, and PIER) were compared. Two time intervals (Months 0-3 and 5-17) were evaluated to account for transition from monthly to quarterly injections in PIER. Time interval after Month 17 was excluded because of crossover from control to active treatment in all trials.
Results: Months 0-3: All trials showed higher incidence rates of hemorrhages in control compared with ranibizumab groups (ANCHOR: photodynamic therapy [27.3%], 0.3 mg [8.0%], 0.5 mg [8.6%]; MARINA: sham [18.6%], 0.3 mg [8.8%], 0.5 mg [8.8%]; and PIER: sham [16.1%], 0.3 mg [3.4%], 0.5 mg [3.3%]). In ANCHOR and MARINA, data of Months 5-17 showed higher incidence rates in control compared with monthly ranibizumab groups (ANCHOR: photodynamic therapy [47.8%], 0.3 mg [12.5%], 0.5 mg [12.3%]; and MARINA: sham [38.0%], 0.3 mg [13.2%], 0.5 mg [13.0%]), but this was not seen for quarterly ranibizumab groups in PIER (sham [22.4%], 0.3 mg [23.7%], 0.5 mg [28.3%]).
Conclusion: Treatment with monthly intravitreal ranibizumab was associated with reduced risk of new macular hemorrhages when compared with photodynamic therapy (ANCHOR) or sham (MARINA and PIER). There was no difference between PIER quarterly ranibizumab-treated and sham patients.