Background: XY gonadal dysgenesis (XY-GD) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by failure of testicular development despite a normal male karyotype. Non-syndromic and syndromic forms can be delineated. Currently, only a minority of cases can be explained by gene mutations.
Methods: The aim of this study was to detect microdeletions and duplications by using high-resolution Agilent oligonucleotide arrays in a cohort of 87 patients with syndromic or non-syndromic 46,XY-GD.
Results: In 26 patients, we identified gains or losses in regions including genes involved in XY-GD (DMRT1, SOX9, DAX1) or in regions, which have not been described as polymorphic copy number variants (CNVs).
Conclusions: This study shows that array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis is a useful tool for the molecular diagnosis of XY-GD as well as for the identification of potential candidate genes involved in male sexual development.