Late pregnancy screening for human immunodeficiency virus

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2011 Jan;30(1):72-4. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3181f1e704.


Three cases are presented of infants born to mothers who were screened and tested negative for HIV during their first trimesters. None of these pregnant women were retested late in their pregnancies, as they were not considered at high risk for HIV infection. All were found to be infected shortly after giving birth. Of the 3 infants, 2 developed HIV infection. These cases support a recommendation for late pregnancy HIV screening of all women.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Retroviral Agents / therapeutic use
  • Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis*
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical / prevention & control
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / diagnosis*
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / drug therapy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / prevention & control
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / virology*
  • Prenatal Diagnosis*


  • Anti-Retroviral Agents