Parental influences on adolescent decision making and contraceptive use

Pediatr Nurs. 2010 May-Jun;36(3):147-56, 170.


This article reviews the literature in the area of parental and maternal influences on contraceptive decision making, thus determining future directions of research and potential interventions. A review of published literature using PubMed, CINAHL, Infotrak, Science and Technology, and Medline spanning 1980-2007 was used to gather information. Results from 35 research studies and 15 scholarly articles were included. The search terms adolescent decision making, maternal influences on adolescent contraceptive decision making, adolescent contraceptive decision making, paternal influences on adolescent decision making, and contraception were used to gather data. The literature reveals there is an association between parental communication, parenting style, and adolescent sexual activity and contraception use. Maternal communication has been shown to delay sexual intercourse and increase contraceptive use. Maternal communication has rich potential as an intervention to impact positive adolescent sexual decision making and contraception use. Gaps in the research identified were the lack of studies on the influences on parenting style and the father/adolescent influences on sexual initiation and contraceptive decision making.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior* / psychology
  • Contraception Behavior* / psychology
  • Contraception Behavior* / statistics & numerical data
  • Decision Making*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Parenting / psychology
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Pediatric Nursing
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy in Adolescence / prevention & control
  • Pregnancy in Adolescence / statistics & numerical data
  • Psychology, Adolescent
  • Research Design
  • Sexual Behavior / psychology
  • Sexual Behavior / statistics & numerical data
  • United States / epidemiology