Recommendations for transoesophageal echocardiography: update 2010

Eur J Echocardiogr. 2010 Aug;11(7):557-76. doi: 10.1093/ejechocard/jeq057.


Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) is a standard and indispensable technique in clinical practice. The present recommendations represent an update and extension of the recommendations published in 2001 by the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology. New developments covered include technical advances such as 3D transoesophageal echo as well as developing applications such as transoesophageal echo in aortic valve repair and in valvular interventions, as well as a full section on perioperative TOE.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary / methods
  • Aortic Valve / diagnostic imaging
  • Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional / methods*
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal / methods*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Heart Diseases / therapy
  • Heart Valve Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis
  • Humans
  • Mitral Valve / diagnostic imaging
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Preoperative Care
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Ultrasonography, Interventional