A numerical coefficient for evaluation of the environmental impact of electromagnetic fields radiated by base stations for mobile communications

Bioelectromagnetics. 2010 Dec;31(8):613-21. doi: 10.1002/bem.20604.


The aim of this study is the development of an Electromagnetic Environmental Impact Factor (EEIF). This is a global parameter that represents the level of electromagnetic impact on a specific area due to the presence of radiating systems, such as base station (BS) antennas for mobile communications. The numerical value of the EEIF depends only on the electromagnetic field intensity, a well-defined physical quantity that can easily be measured or computed. The paper describes the significant parameters of the field distribution adopted to evaluate the EEIF, and the assumptions used to develop a proper scale of values. Finally, some examples of application of the EEIF method are analyzed for real situations in a typical urban area.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Phone / instrumentation*
  • Cities
  • Electromagnetic Fields / adverse effects*
  • Environment*
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiation Monitoring*