Background: Poststenting ischemic events occur despite dual-antiplatelet therapy, suggesting that a "one size fits all" antithrombotic strategy has significant limitations. Ex vivo platelet function measurements may facilitate risk stratification and personalized antiplatelet therapy.
Methods: We investigated the prognostic utility of the strength of adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced (MA(ADP)) and thrombin-induced (MA(THROMBIN)) platelet-fibrin clots measured by thrombelastography and ADP-induced light transmittance aggregation (LTA(ADP)) in 225 serial patients after elective stenting treated with aspirin and clopidogrel. Ischemic and bleeding events were assessed over 3 years.
Results: Overall, 59 (26%) first ischemic events occurred. Patients with ischemic events had higher MA(ADP), MA(THROMBIN), and LTA(ADP) (P < .0001 for all comparisons). By receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, MA(ADP) >47 mm had the best predictive value of long-term ischemic events compared with other measurements (P < .0001), with an area under the curve = 0.84 (95% CI 0.78-0.89, P < .0001). The univariate Cox proportional hazards model identified MA(ADP) >47 mm, MA(THROMBIN) >69 mm, and LTA(ADP) >34% as significant independent predictors of first ischemic events at the 3-year time point, with hazard ratios of 10.3 (P < .0001), 3.8 (P < .0001), and 4.8 (P < .0001), respectively. Fifteen bleeding events occurred. Receiver operating characteristic curve and quartile analysis suggests MA(ADP) <or=31 as a predictive value for bleeding.
Conclusion: This study is the first demonstration of the prognostic utility of MA(ADP) in predicting long-term event occurrence after stenting. The quantitative assessment of ADP-stimulated platelet-fibrin clot strength measured by thrombelastography can serve as a future tool in investigations of personalized antiplatelet treatment designed to reduce ischemic events and bleeding.
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