Background: Cytoreductive surgery followed by hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is now the reference technique for limited peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). Operative mortality is actually at 3 or 4%, and decrease as morbidity. Together, they did not limit acceptation of HIPEC. However, one of the major limitation of this aggressive treatment is that patient can be afraid to impair overall quality of life (QoL). The aim of this article was to assess QoL in patients at least 12 months after HIPEC using Oxaliplatin.
Method: Patients completed a questionnaire before and after surgery at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. QoL was assessed with the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire. RESULTATS: Between September 2006 and October 2008, 32 of 35 patients who had undergone HIPEC were interviewed. PC originated in primary lesions of the colon/rectum (N = 17), ovary (N = 3), stomach (N = 3), appendix (N = 2), mesothelium (N = 2), pseudomyxoma peritonei (N = 3) and primary carcinoma of peritoneum (N = 2). The percentage of patients completing the questionnaire at each time point was: baseline = 87% (N = 28); 1 and 3 months = 46% (N = 15); 6 months = 62% (N = 20); and 12 months = 59% (N = 19). Morbidity and mortality were respectively 35 and 5%. Median hospital stay was 19 days. QoL score had decreased considerably in 60% of patients in the early postoperative assessment period after HIPEC (1 month), as compared with baseline score. Forty five per cent had reported significant pain and limitations on physical functioning. QoL score had returned to baseline at 3 months in 53,3% of patients: 20% reported lack of energy and fatigue. Fifty-five and 73% of patients had recovered their overall QoL at 6 and 12 months, respectively. Also, psychosocial problems, diarrhea and constipation, and peripheral neuropathy of oxaliplatin were reported in 20% of survivors over the course of the first year after HIPEC.
Conclusion: Short-term QoL with physical and functional well-being are impaired in the first few months after surgery plus HIPEC using oxaliplatin. Long-term QoL returns to baseline at 3 months; however 20% of patients still report psychosocial problems, gastrointestinal symptoms and oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy. It is useful and important for patients to see this HIPEC QoL data at the time of consultation before treatment.