Adoptive therapy using antigen-specific T-cell clones

Cancer J. Jul-Aug 2010;16(4):367-73. doi: 10.1097/PPO.0b013e3181eacba8.

Abstract

T-cell therapy involves the ex vivo isolation and expansion of antigen-specific T cells for adoptive transfer. The use of T-cell clones represents one embodiment of this approach and provides a uniform population of effector cells, so that parameters contributing to an effective response can be rigorously evaluated. T cells of defined specificity, phenotype, and function are isolated and expanded; when infused into patients, these intrinsic factors can be considered in light of extrinsic factors such as the type of conditioning regimen, cytokine support, and immunomodulatory reagents. In this chapter, 2 topics related to the use of antigen-specific T-cell clones are discussed: first, advances enabling the isolation and expansion of antigen-specific T-cell clones for human trials of adoptive therapy, and second, a contextual framework of advantages and limitations in which the use of adoptively transferred T-cell clones can be judiciously applied as a means to dissect the requirements for effective therapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antigens / immunology*
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte*
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy, Adoptive / methods*
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*

Substances

  • Antigens
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte