We have explored the pathological role of the MyD88 signaling pathway via Toll-like receptors (TLRs) that mediate the recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) in a murine model of autoimmune hepatitis induced by administering Concanavalin A (ConA). We first found that various TLRs and MyD88 molecules were expressed in liver of Con A-treated and untreated wild-type (WT) mice including liver macrophages. Flowcytometric analysis revealed that liver CD11b(+)CD11c(-) and CD11b(+)CD11c(+) antigen-presenting cells express TLR2, although NK and NKT cells did not. When WT and MyD88(-/-) mice were intravenously administered with Con A, the severity of hepatitis was significantly lower in Con A-injected MyD88(-/-) mice than in WT mice in terms of the histopathology, the levels of serum transaminase and pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, and IL-6), and upregulation of CD80/CD86 and TNF-alpha on/in liver macrophages. The results provide evidence of a possible contribution of the TLRs-MyD88 signaling pathway in activating TLR-expressing liver macrophages in the autoimmune hepatitis model, and thus indicate that the strategy of blockade of pathological pathogens via the intestinal lumen may be feasible for the treatment of the disease.
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.