2D-MH: A web-server for generating graphic representation of protein sequences based on the physicochemical properties of their constituent amino acids

J Theor Biol. 2010 Nov 7;267(1):29-34. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2010.08.007. Epub 2010 Aug 7.


Introduction of graphic representation for biological sequences can provide intuitive overall pictures as well as useful insights for performing large-scale analysis. Here, a new two-dimensional graph, called "2D-MH", is proposed to represent protein sequences. It is formed by incorporating the information of the side-chain mass of each of the constituent amino acids and its hydrophobicity. The graphic curve thus generated is featured by (1) an one-to-one correspondence relation without circuit or degeneracy, (2) better reflecting the innate structure of the protein sequence, (3) clear visibility in displaying the similarity of protein sequences, (4) more sensitive for the mutation sites important for drug targeting, and (5) being able to be used as a metric for the "evolutionary distance" of a protein from one species to the other. It is anticipated that the presented graphic method may become a useful vehicle for large-scale analysis of the avalanche of protein sequences generated in the post-genomic age. As a web-server, 2D-MH is freely accessible at http://icpr.jci.jx.cn/bioinfo/pplot/2D-MH, by which one can easily generate the two-dimensional graphs for any number of protein sequences and compare the evolutionary distances between them.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence*
  • Amino Acids
  • Computer Graphics*
  • Databases, Protein
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
  • Internet
  • Molecular Weight
  • Proteins / chemistry
  • Proteins / genetics


  • Amino Acids
  • Proteins