Cardiac and pericardial calcifications on chest radiographs

Clin Radiol. 2010 Sep;65(9):685-94. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2009.12.016. Epub 2010 Jul 1.


Many types of cardiac and pericardial calcifications identified on chest radiographs can be recognized and distinguished based on characteristic locations and appearances. The purpose of this review is to emphasize the importance of detecting cardiac and pericardial calcifications on chest radiographs, and to illustrate and describe the various types of calcifications that may be encountered and how they may be differentiated from one another. Each type of cardiac and pericardial calcification is discussed, its location and appearance described, and its significance explained. Recognizing and understanding these calcifications is important as they are often encountered in daily practice and play an important role in patient care.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Calcinosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cardiomyopathies / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cardiomyopathies / physiopathology
  • Coronary Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging*
  • Coronary Aneurysm / physiopathology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Heart / diagnostic imaging*
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Radiography, Thoracic / methods*