Quantum plasmonics: optical properties and tunability of metallic nanorods

ACS Nano. 2010 Sep 28;4(9):5269-76. doi: 10.1021/nn101589n.


The plasmon resonances in metallic nanorods are investigated using fully quantum mechanical time-dependent density functional theory. The computed optical absorption curves display well-defined longitudinal and transverse plasmon resonances whose energies depend on the aspect ratio of the rods, in excellent agreement with classical electromagnetic modeling. The field enhancements obtained from the quantum mechanical calculations, however, differ significantly from classical predictions for distances shorter than 0.5 nm from the nanoparticle surfaces. These deviations can be understood as arising from the nonlocal screening properties of the conduction electrons at the nanoparticle surface.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.