Single molecule linear analysis of DNA in nano-channel labeled with sequence specific fluorescent probes

Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Oct;38(18):e177. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkq673. Epub 2010 Aug 10.


An array of nano-channels was fabricated from silicon based semiconductor materials to stretch long, native dsDNA. Here we present a labeling scheme in which it is possible to identify the location of specific sequences along the stretched DNA molecules. The scheme proceeds by first using the strand displacement activity of the Vent (exo-) polymerase to generate single strand flaps on nicked dsDNA. These single strand flaps are hybridized with sequence specific fluorophore-labeled probes. Subsequent imaging of the DNA molecules inside a nano-channel array device allows for quantitative identification of the location of probes. The highly efficient DNA hybridization on the ss-DNA flaps is an excellent method to identify the sequence motifs of dsDNA as it gives us unique ability to control the length of the probe sequence and thus the frequency of hybridization sites on the DNA. We have also shown that this technique can be extended to a multi color labeling scheme by using different dye labeled probes or by combining with a DNA- polymerase-mediated incorporation of fluorophore-labeled nucleotides on nicking sites. Thus this labeling chemistry in conjunction with the nano-channel platform can be a powerful tool to solve complex structural variations in DNA which is of importance for both research and clinical diagnostics of genetic diseases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA / metabolism
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism
  • Endodeoxyribonucleases / metabolism
  • Fluorescent Dyes / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Nanostructures / chemistry
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis / methods*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / methods*


  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • DNA
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
  • Endodeoxyribonucleases