Spasmodic torticollis--review of 220 patients

Can J Neurol Sci. 1991 May;18(2):143-51. doi: 10.1017/s0317167100031619.


220 patients with isolated and idiopathic spasmodic torticollis were followed and treated over a 14 year period. Each patient was given a short questionnaire leading to the present retrospective data analysis. In most areas, including female preponderance and frequency of postural tremor, the findings confirmed previous studies and highlighted particular points: importance of psychopathological antecedents and association with stressful life-events. The discussion deals with some of the conflicting debates surrounding this unusual disorder. What is the role of psychopathological factors? What is the therapeutic prognosis? The best therapeutic results were obtained by combining anticholinergic drugs, local injections and rehabilitation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sex Factors
  • Spasm / physiopathology*
  • Spasm / therapy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Torticollis / physiopathology*
  • Torticollis / therapy