Health, alcohol and psychosocial factors in Eastern Europe study: dietary patterns and their association with socio-demographic factors in the Lithuanian urban population of Kaunas city

Int J Public Health. 2011 Apr;56(2):209-16. doi: 10.1007/s00038-010-0170-3. Epub 2010 Aug 12.


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the main dietary patterns in the Lithuanian urban population and to determine their association with socio-demographic factors.

Methods: Data from the survey performed in the framework of the HAPIEE (Health, Alcohol, Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe) study were presented. A random sample of 7,087 individuals aged 45-72 years was screened in 2006-2008.

Results: Factor analysis of the main dietary patterns revealed a five-factor solution, which accounted for 47.8% of the variance: "fresh vegetables and fruit"; "sweets"; "porridge and cereals"; "potatoes, meat, boiled vegetables and eggs"; "chicken and fish". "Fresh vegetables and fruits" factor and "sweets" factor were inversely associated with age both in men and women: older people consumed less frequent than average of the particular food groups. Dietary patterns of people with good self-rated health and university education were healthier than among people with lower education and poorer health.

Conclusion: Nutrition education efforts should focus on improving food diversity, with particular targeting of lower educated, single and older people.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
  • Diet*
  • Educational Status
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Health Status Indicators*
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Lithuania / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychology
  • Random Allocation
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*