Condom negotiation strategies and actual condom use among Latino youth

J Adolesc Health. 2010 Sep;47(3):254-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.01.018. Epub 2010 Apr 10.


Purpose: To examine which condom negotiation strategies are effective in obtaining or avoiding condom use among Latino youth.

Method: Interviews were conducted with 694 Latino youth, 61% female, aged 16-22. Participants reported on their condom negotiation strategies, perceptions of whether their sexual partner wanted to use condoms, and actual condom use. Three strategies to obtain condom use (risk information, direct verbal/nonverbal communication, insist) and four strategies to avoid condom use (emotional coercion, ignore condom use, dislike condoms, seduction) were examined. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression, and included youth (n = 574) who reported wanting to use or avoid condoms.

Results: Almost 60% of participants reported wanting to use condoms, and nearly all of these used some strategy to obtain condom use. Young men who wanted to use condoms were more likely to do so, compared with young women. Risk information and direct verbal/nonverbal communication were effective strategies to obtain condom use, even among youth who perceived their sexual partners as not wanting to use condoms. Ignoring condom use was an effective condom avoidance strategy, even when youth thought their partners wanted to use condoms. Unexpectedly, young men who expressed dislike of condoms had higher rates of condom use than young men not using this condom avoidance strategy.

Conclusions: This research identified condom negotiation strategies that are effective among Latino youth, even when they believe their partners do not want to use condoms. Health care providers could encourage Latino youth to use such condom negotiation strategies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / psychology
  • Adult
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data*
  • Contraception Behavior / ethnology*
  • Contraception Behavior / psychology
  • Contraception Behavior / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Hispanic or Latino / psychology*
  • Hispanic or Latino / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Negotiating / methods*
  • Negotiating / psychology*
  • Nonverbal Communication
  • Perception
  • Sex Distribution
  • Sexual Behavior / psychology
  • Sexual Partners / psychology
  • Young Adult