Mouse phenotyping

Methods. 2011 Feb;53(2):120-35. doi: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2010.08.006. Epub 2010 Aug 12.


Model organisms like the mouse are important tools to learn more about gene function in man. Within the last 20 years many mutant mouse lines have been generated by different methods such as ENU mutagenesis, constitutive and conditional knock-out approaches, knock-down, introduction of human genes, and knock-in techniques, thus creating models which mimic human conditions. Due to pleiotropic effects, one gene may have different functions in different organ systems or time points during development. Therefore mutant mouse lines have to be phenotyped comprehensively in a highly standardized manner to enable the detection of phenotypes which might otherwise remain hidden. The German Mouse Clinic (GMC) has been established at the Helmholtz Zentrum München as a phenotyping platform with open access to the scientific community (; [1]). The GMC is a member of the EUMODIC consortium which created the European standard workflow EMPReSSslim for the systemic phenotyping of mouse models ([2]).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Blood Chemical Analysis / methods
  • Cataract / pathology
  • Kidney Function Tests / methods
  • Mice
  • Mice, Mutant Strains*
  • Mice, Neurologic Mutants
  • Mutagenesis
  • Pain Measurement / methods
  • Pain Measurement / standards
  • Phenotype*
  • Reference Standards
  • Urinalysis / methods