Minimally invasive techniques for hallux valgus correction include arthroscopy, percutaneous and minimum incision surgery. In the last few decades, several techniques have been increasingly used. We performed a comprehensive search of CINAHL, Embase, Medline, HealthSTAR and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials, from inception of the database to 4 January 2010, using various combinations of the keywords terms 'Bosch', 'PDO', 'percutaneous distal osteotomy', 'SERI', 'percutaneous', 'minimal incision', 'minimum incision', 'minimally invasive', 'less invasive', 'mini-invasive', 'hallux valgus', 'bunion', 'surgery', 'arthroscopy', 'metatarsal' 'forefoot'. Only articles published in peer reviewed journals were included in this systematic review. Several new techniques are available for minimally invasive correction of the hallux valgus. Minimally invasive correction of the hallux valgus may provide better outcome for patients who would not recover well from traditional open approaches, because of decreasing recovery and rehabilitation times, as surgical exposure and deep tissue dissection are smaller and gentler to the soft tissues. Data are lacking to allow definitive conclusions on the use of these techniques for routine management of patients with hallux valgus. Given the limitations of the current case series, especially the extensive clinical heterogeneity, it is not possible to determine clear recommendations regarding the systematic use of minimally invasive surgery for hallux valgus correction, even though preliminary results are encouraging. Studies of higher levels of evidence, concentrating on large adequately powered randomized trials, should be conducted to help answer these questions.