Oral mucosal melanoma: conservative treatment including laser surgery

Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011 May 1;16(3):e381-5. doi: 10.4317/medoral.16.e381.

Abstract

Objective: To discuss the convenience of laser surgery as optimal treatment for melanoma of the oral mucosa.

Patients and methods: A retrospective evaluation of four patients with primary oral melanomas treated at a single Cancer Institution in Mexico City.

Results: Two patients were treated with resection of the melanoma with CO2 laser together with extraction of the involved dental organs and curettage of the alveolar walls. These two cases had melanoma in situ with multiple isolated foci. The third patient had a lesion with vertical growth, who was submitted to partial maxillectomy along with selective dissection of bilateral neck levels I-V with a negative report and the fourth patient had a history of oral nodular melanoma and presented with lymph node metastasis. According to follow-up status, there was no distant metastasis in any of the patients reported here.

Conclusion: In our experience, conservative management with CO2 laser is adequate for melanomas of the oral mucosa with extraction of the dental organs and curettage of the alveoli to achieve complete surgical resection microscopically without sacrifice of the quality of life. Management of the neck is controversial. We recommend selective therapeutic resection of the neck only if it is found to be clinically positive. Elective dissection has not shown to have an impact in overall survival.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laser Therapy*
  • Male
  • Melanoma / surgery*
  • Middle Aged
  • Mouth Mucosa*
  • Mouth Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Retrospective Studies