LAPTM4B (lysosomal protein transmembrane 4 beta) is a newly identified cancer-associated gene. Both of its mRNA and the encoded LAPTM4B-35 protein are significantly upregulated with more than 70% frequency in a wide variety of cancers. The LAPTM4B-35 level in cancer is evidenced to be an independent prognostic factor and its upregulation promotes cell proliferation, migration and invasion, as well as tumorigenesis in nude mice. In contrary, knockdown of LAPTM4B-35 expression by RNA interference (RNAi) reverses all of the above malignant phenotypes. We herein reveal a new role of LAPTM4B-35 in promoting multidrug resistance of cancer cells. Upregulation of LAPTM4B-35 motivates multidrug resistance by enhancement of efflux from cancer cells of a variety of chemodrugs with variant structures and properties, including doxorubicin, paclitaxel and cisplatin through colocalization and interaction of LAPTM4B-35 with multidrug resistance (MDR) 1 (P-glycoprotein, P-gp), and also by activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway through interaction of PPRP motif contained in the N-terminus of LAPTM4B-35 with the p85α regulatory subunit of PI3K. The specific inhibitors of PI3K and knockdown of LAPTM4B-35 expression by RNAi eliminate the multidrug resistance effect motivated by upregulation of LAPTM4B-35. In conclusion, LAPTM4B-35 motivates multidrug resistance of cancer cells by promoting drug efflux through colocalization and interaction with P-gp, and anti-apoptosis by activating PI3K/AKT signaling. These findings provide a promising novel strategy for sensitizing chemical therapy of cancers and increasing the chemotherapeutic efficacy through knockdown LAPTM4B-35 expression by RNAi.