Successful smoking cessation and duration of abstinence--an analysis of socioeconomic determinants

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010 Jul;7(7):2789-99. doi: 10.3390/ijerph7072789. Epub 2010 Jun 30.


Smoking does not affect every socioeconomic subgroup of the population equally, resulting in major inequalities in terms of smoking-related morbidity and mortality. While previous studies mainly focused on inequalities in smoking prevalence, we have analysed the socioeconomic dimensions that might be associated with two other smoking-related outcomes: the odds of successfully quitting and the duration of abstinence. Using nationally representative Swiss data, we found evidence of a socioeconomic gradient in successful cessation and abstinence duration with respect to education level and income for both men and women.

Keywords: abstinence; duration analysis; inequalities; smoking cessation; socioeconomic status.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Educational Status*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Income*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Smoking Cessation / psychology
  • Smoking Cessation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Switzerland
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult